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Community-Engaged Research on Gambling in Massachusetts

Understanding the impacts of gambling and sports betting on communities in Massachusetts
  • Client
    Massachussetts Gaming Commission
  • Dates
    2021 - Ongoing


There are limited perspectives from community members on casinos and online sports betting in Massachusetts.

Public opinion of casinos and legalized gambling is both mixed and nuanced. Research shows that communities of color often are disproportionately negatively impacted by gambling. However, little research has focused on the effects of casinos on the people who live and work in the host community or surrounding communities. While casino gambling became legal in Massachusetts in November 2011, sports wagering was only recently legalized in 2023. As Massachusetts implements new policies and regulations, research on the impending impact of sports betting legalization and implementation remains limited and lacks a community perspective.


We used community engagement principles to inform gambling research and examine the local policy impact.

In 2021-2022, Massachusetts Gaming Commission (MGC) funded NORC and its partner, the Institute for Community Health (ICH), to capture perspectives on the Encore Boston Harbor Casino and how it has affected the day-to-day quality of life of people in the casino’s surrounding communities. We established a community advisory board and a team of multilingual community interviewers to engage participants living and working around the casino in the study’s research design, data collection, analysis, and dissemination of findings. Our work included 47 interviews in five languages with community members of diverse backgrounds 

In 2023, MGC re-engaged NORC to conduct additional community-engaged research on the health, social, and economic impacts of sports wagering on local communities. NORC is using culturally responsive and community-engaged research methods to engage community member perspectives, particularly those of young adults, who may be disproportionately impacted by the recent legalization of sports betting in Massachusetts.


The 2021-2022 study found that community perspectives on legalized casino gambling are mixed and nuanced.

Though difficult to disentangle from the COVID-19 public health emergency and other economic factors, participants had mixed perspectives on the effects of the casino on the local economy, including employment, housing, and small businesses, and on social and environmental factors. The majority of participants believed that the casino has negatively affected the mental health of community members. Negative effects include increased stress and alcohol use. 

Participants expressed that the disproportionate effects of casinos on communities of varying socio-demographics should be considered in gambling research. The hosting municipal government should assess the benefits or harms of casino enterprises on individuals living in surrounding communities. They also recommended that the casino and local governments should more actively engage community members in decision-making and to understand community needs and preferences. 

Additional findings on community perspectives on sports wagering are forthcoming. 

Learn More about This Study

For more on the Massachusetts Gaming Commission's research agenda, visit their webpage for this work. 

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