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Evaluating USAID’s Counter-Trafficking Efforts in Cambodia

M68RBC Women workers from a local factory being transferred back to their village by lorry, Kampot, Cambodia Asia
NORC assesses whether job programs can reduce labor trafficking
  • Client
    U.S. Agency for International Development
  • Dates
    2016 - 2020

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) commissioned NORC at the University of Chicago to design and budget for an impact evaluation of USAID/Cambodia's Counter-Trafficking in Persons (C-TIP) Activity. The assessment is part of USAID’s Democracy Human Rights and Governance: Learning, Evaluation, and Research (DRG-LER) activity. 

The C-TIP intervention was designed as a holistic, multi-pronged, four-year program that bolsters the capacity of communities and government actors in coordination with private-sector and development partners. The project aims to disrupt human trafficking patterns by building local capacity to prevent trafficking, empowering and protecting migrants and at-risk populations, identifying victims, and supporting perpetrators’ prosecution.

Human trafficking in Cambodia occurs in many forms, ranging from sex trafficking to labor trafficking. The central goal of the impact evaluation, which focuses on labor trafficking, is to determine if a job-seeking platform, coupled with workplace professionalism training, can decrease trafficking vulnerabilities among at-risk persons (ARPs) in Cambodia by improving their economic outcomes, or can reduce unsafe migration behaviors among ARPs.

Seventy-five communes were assigned to one of two treatments or a control group. Treatment 1 administered a job-seeking platform developed by Winrock International and workplace professionalism training. Treatment 2 included all Treatment 1 activities plus Winrock's customized intervention approach, in which training and resources vary by village.

Following the collection and analysis of the endline data, the findings from the evaluation could be used to inform future USAID C-TIP programming in Cambodia and in other countries with high trafficking prevalence by determining if livelihood-related training can reduce the risk of people living in trafficking-source communities of being trafficked.

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